Final Project Completion Report

nascoh February 11, 2014

1. Programme Identification Details 



GTF Number 88
Short Title of Programme Enfranchising People With Disabilities to exercise their constitutional right to vote and facilitating their inclusion in governance systems
Name of Lead Institution National Association of Societies for the Care of the Handicapped (NASCOH)
Start date  12 November 2008  
End date:  11 November 2013
Amount of DFID Funding:  £3 million
Brief Summary of Programme:  A five year programme seeking to secure the  inclusion of people with disabilities (PWDs) in  Zimbabwe’s governance systems through their participation in all elections, run for local and parliamentary elections in their respective constituencies, as voters, elections observers and polling officers, advocating for  polling stations accessibility to people with disabilities (PWDs) and are able to vote secretly and independently. The programme aims at ensuring proportional representation of PWDs in parliament and other decision making bodies, a quota system in employment, lobby for the creation of a disability ministry, enactment and implementation of conducive disability legislation by the government. Before the implementation of the programme most PWDs did not vote, and were apprehensive about the indignity of being assisted by a stranger in the voting process. 
List all countries where activities have taken or will take place Zimbabwe.
List all implementing partners in each country  Disabled Women Support Organisation (DWSO)Jairos Jiri Association (JJA)

Zimbabwe Association of the Visually Handicapped (ZAVH)

Zimbabwe Parents of Handicapped Children Association (ZPHCA)

Zimbabwe National Association of the Deaf (ZIMNAD)

Zimbabwe National Association for Mental Health (ZIMNAMH)

Zimbabwe National League of the Blind (ZNLB)

Target groups- wider beneficiaries The programme benefitted over 60 000 people with disabilities with 29000 being women with disabilities, 3 000 children with disabilities directly in the programme areas. Indirectly the programme benefitted all 1.8 million people with disabilities in Zimbabwe through changes in legislation and voting environment and disability representation in different national and local boards
Lead Contact Mr Farai Gasa Mukuta93 Greendale Avenue



Tel +263 4  496201

Mobile + 263 712 862072

email or

Person who prepared this report (if different from Lead Contact)  Innocent Fambaineni Magweva93 Greendale Avenue



Tel +263 4 496201

Mobile + 263 776 291 449 or 739338665




2. List of Acronyms

CAR Capable Accountable and Responsive

COPAC Constitution Parliamentary Select Committee

CSOs Civil Society Organisations

DFID (UK Government) Department for International Development

DWSO Disabled Women Support Organisation

DPOs Disabled People’s Organizations

GTF Governance and Transparency Fund

IFES International Foundation for Electoral Systems

ITC Information, Technology and Communication

JJA Jairos Jiri Association

M&E Monitoring and Evaluation

MOU Memorandum of Understanding

MOV Means of Verification

MP Member of Parliament

MTR Mid Term Review

NCA National Consultative Assembly

NANGO National Association of Non- Governmental Organisations

NASCOH National Association of Societies for Care of the Handicapped

NGOs Non- Governmental Organizations

PWDs People with Disabilities

USAID United States Agency for International Development

WGI Worldwide Governance Indicators

ZAVH Zimbabwe Association of Visually Impaired

ZEC Zimbabwe Electoral Commission

ZESN Zimbabwe Election Support Network

ZILGA Zimbabwe Local Government Association

ZIMNAD Zimbabwe National Association of the Deaf

ZIMNAMH Zimbabwe National Association for Mental Health

ZNLB Zimbabwe National League of the Blind

ZPHCA Zimbabwe Parents of Handicapped children Association


3. Summary of Activities and Achievements (max 2 pages)


3.1 Period since last annual report

For the period between March 2013 and 30 September 2013 major activities were centred on the participation of people with disabilities in elections as voters, polling officers and elections observers during the 31 July 2013 harmonised elections.

Through creating synergies with organisations working in the area of elections and governance, namely Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC), Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN) and National Association of Non- governmental Organisations (NANGO), NASCOH was able to field 304 people with disabilities who were duly accredited as observers and actually observed the 31 July 2013 elections.  A total of three hundred and twenty six observers were deployed by NASCOH and sub grantees with assistance from ZESN and NANGO.  A press statement highlighting the need for the Zimbabwe government to create a conducive environment, based on the SADC principles and guidelines governing democratic elections, for PWDs to participate in the harmonised elections was placed in Zimbabwe’s major newspapers in May 2013.


3.1.1 Deployment of Elections observers

A total of 326 observers were deployed by NASCOH throughout the whole country with assistance from ZESN, NANGO and ZEC.


The table 1. Breakdown of Deployment of Election Observers


AREA OF DEPLOYMET    BY PROVINCE                 TYPE OF DISABILITY AND GENDER Non Disabled Observers (Officers)
Harare 10 11 5 7 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 21 24 2 2
Bulawayo 12 13 3 6 0 4 2 2 1 2 0 0 18 27 1 1
Manicaland 9 9 3 3 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 15 14 1 1
Masvingo 15 15 6 8 2 4 2 2 1 2 0 0 26 31 1 1
Midlands 8 9 1 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 11 15 1 1
Matebeleland South 11 14 3 4 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 15 18 1 1
Matebeleland  North 5 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 3 1 1
Mashonaland East 9 10 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 13 13 1 1
Mashonaland Central 5 5 2 1 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 10 1 1
Mashonaland West 4 7 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 10 1 1
Total 88 95 29 36 3 16 10 10 8 7 1 1 139 165 11 11
Grand Totals                       183           65           19               20              15              2              304          22
Total Observers Deployed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       326



The 304 observers with disabilities were deployed at 304 polling stations. From these 104 were deployed in the 14 districts (GTF program) area. The purpose was to also make a comparison between areas which had the program and the area without the program.


3.1.2 Polling officials with disability

For the first time in the history of elections in Zimbabwe ZEC employed polling officers with disabilities as a result of the programme. In the program area (14 districts) a total of 95 polling officers with disability were employed as polling staff including one who was employed as a presiding officer in Mudzi district. From the 95 polling officers with disabilities 47 were women.


3.1.3 Voting by persons with disabilities

In the GTF program area the average of PWDs who voted was 12 per polling station in comparison to 4 in non program areas. The average polling stations per constituency (rural) is 70 with an average of 25 000 voters. Therefore the voting in the program area by PWDs increased significantly from 0.01% in 2008 to 3.6% of the total of voters. (12 X70 = 840; 840 as percentage of 25 000). In the non program area voting by PWDs remained very low at 1.12%

All observers with disabilities reported that voters with disabilities were given first preference in the queues by polling officers at all polling stations.


Table 2. Showing average breakdown of people with disabilities who voted per polling station


    Program Area   Non Program
Type of disability            Gender Totals            Gender Totals  








Female Male Female Male 
Physical 2 2 4 1 1 2
Visual 2 3 5 1 1 2
Mental 1 1 2 - -
Hearing 1 1 2 - -
Albinism - - - - -
Others - -
Totals 6 7 12 2 2 4



Table 2 given above illustrates that voter education in program areas increased the turnout of voters with disabilities by three fold. In addition, most polling stations in the program areas were accessible and the opposite was true in non program areas.


3.1.4 Polling Stations Accessibility

80% of polling stations in the program area were accessible to PWDs. The situation was even better in Bulawayo & Harare where 95% of the polling stations were reported accessible. (NASCOH worked in Harare & Bulawayo on polling station accessibility in addition to the program areas) In non program areas only 21% of the polling stations were accessible.


3.1.5 Polling materials sensitive to people with disability

While ZEC used adjustable polling furniture, it was reported that polling officers did not adjust the polling tables which were too high for wheelchair users. There was no ballot paper for blind voters. However observers saw ZEC collecting statistics of blind voters and it is assumed that ZEC wanted to justify the production of Braille ballot paper in the next elections.


3.1.6 Arrangements for secret voting for people with disability

Observers noted that a polling officer verified the voting of blind voters even if the blind voter had an assistant.

3.1.7 Summary of Observers’ Findings (General Observation)

All observers reported that polling stations and their designated perimeters were free of campaign materials and all essential polling materials were available. It was also reported by all observers that voting proceeded uninterrupted, without disturbances, violence, suspension or postponement throughout the day and counting started immediately after closure of voting. There were huge numbers of prospective voters who were turned away especially in urban areas whose names were not in the voters roll. Observers also reported a high number of assisted voters.  All observers concluded that the voters roll had a lot of errors.


3.1.8 Recommendations by Elections Observers with Disabilities to ZEC and NASCOH

  1. ZEC should introduce material which friendly for blind voters.
  2. The voters roll should be compiled by ZEC not the registrar general’s office.

2. NASCOH should again lobby for further amendment of the Electoral Act to prohibit a polling officer from verifying the voting of an assisted or blind voter

3. The period of observing should be increased from 3 days to at least 7 days so that the observer sees the whole setting up process

4. Observers with disability will in future want to observe at a number of polling stations, so NASCOH should mobilise enough resources to move the observers to different polling stations and constituencies.



3.2 Activities For the entire duration of the programme

NASCOH, through its disability programmes which have had a predominant focus on promoting and protecting the rights of people with disabilities, has been able to build a strong and viable disability movement in Zimbabwe which is capable of demanding its rights. While the DFID/ NASCOH programme is basically on political governance and specifically on elections, it has elements of governance and growth, for example appointment of PWDs in private and Public sectors. 


Governance and disability

Most governance indicators used across the world are business oriented interpretations and do not have pro-disability or even gender perspectives. Since this programme was need driven, internal approach to governance indicators which fosters good governance through partnerships, capacity building, local ownership and empowerment of people with disabilities was used. The concentration was on sector governance of issues pertaining to PWDs. The measurement of governance was done by using a simple framework that measures both rule based indicators and outcome based indicators as they pertain to PWDs. (Rule based indicators- does, a policy exist and does it include PWDs and outcome based indicators – is the policy enforced.


The NASCOH GTF programme carried out the following activities which were built around the DFID CAR (Capability, Accountability and Responsiveness)


  1. Building Capacity of NASCOH and Disabled People’s Organisations (DPOs)


Forty six focal persons with disabilities from 14 programme districts received six weeks training in governance and disability rights. All the 369 wards in the fourteen districts established ward disability committees. The programme saw 2173 people with disabilities receiving assistive devices including wheelchairs, catheters, crutches, mobility canes and urine bags.

NASCOH with additional support from USAID provided training and assisted fifteen DPOs with drawing up of plans and manuals in the areas of strategic planning, financial management, human resource management, programme management and resources mobilisation. The capacity building consolidated efforts of the GTF programme.


  1. Lobbying for the inclusion of disability in National and districts activities.


Disability sensitizations of key stakeholders at national level and in 14 districts were key activities of the programme. Chief among these was engagement of the Parliament of Zimbabwe, fourteen rural district councils, other Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) funded by DFID, USAID and HIVOs, churches, business persons, community leaders such as councillors, chiefs, headmen, village heads and families of people with disabilities and political parties to include a sizeable number of people with disabilities, in their activities. NASCOH and its partners lobbied for the introduction of special interest councillors with disabilities in the fourteen districts and in 14 urban centres and by the close of the programme 26 special interest councillors with disabilities had been nominated, two senators with disabilities had been elected 12 people with disabilities had been appointed in national boards 1296 had been appointed to positions of authority at local levels and 329 people with disabilities had been employed as a result of the programme.

Disability Sensitisation workshops also targeted the media personnel and personnel from training workshops with political parties. As a result, the programme received prominent coverage by the public and private media throughout the five years. In addition the NASCOH the weekly radio programme ‘Seka urema wafa’ which profiles disability issues and concerns was on the air every week for the five years.. The live phone-in radio programme, which is aired on ‘National FM’ every Saturday from 6.30pm to 7.00pm, focuses on cross cutting disability issues that impinge on the participation of people with disabilities in all spheres of life, including issues of inclusion in the country’s  governance systems.


Legislations and built environment

PWDs participated in the Constitution Parliamentary Select Committee (COPAC) outreach exercise. PWDs were accepted as a special interest group and represented as team members in the outreach teams and as rappouters. Only 318 PWDs participated in the general outreach meetings which in most cases had no accessibility to PWDs.  After advocacy by DPOs and NASCOH a special countrywide outreach programme was organised to target people with disabilities.  This ensured that the voices of PWDs were captured fully in the outreach process. As a result a total of 7 963 PWDs were reached representing 0,72% of the country attendance of COPAC meetings. The attendance increased from 318 PWDs seen in the general outreach to 7 963 PWDs reached during the targeted outreach.


Lobbying for the amendment and adaptation legislation which promotes and protect the rights of PWDs


Besides the input to the constitution, five Acts of parliament were audited for inclusiveness in preparation for advocacy work with parliamentary portfolio committees. These included the Electoral Act, Labour Act, Education Act, Urban Councils’ Act and the Indigenisation and Empowerment Act. NASCOH continued to lobby the Ministry of Labour and Social Services and the Office of the President to sign and ratify the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), which provides a road map for the inclusion of disability in all areas of human endeavour. By the close of the programme Zimbabwe had ratified the Convention. In addition a draft National Disability Policy had been developed by the Zimbabwe government and was still circulating among stakeholders.


Participation of PWDs in the electoral process

The programme also engaged the registrar general’s district officers who issued birth certificates and national Identity documents to 6065 PWDs, which they did not have before and in some districts to register as voters. The voter education which reached 50 000 PWDs in 14 districts with the assistance of ZEC resulted in many PWDs voting in the 31 July 2013 harmonised elections. ZEC with the assistance of NASCOH facilitated to make 80% of the polling stations in most programme areas accessible to PWDs and also developed voter education material which was disability friendly.


4. Key Findings 


4.1. Management response to Final Evaluation


This section covers the management’s response to the recommendations of the end of project evaluation, which was carried out by an independent consultant.




Final Evaluation  Conclusions Management Response
1. The engagement of relevant government ministries and departments for them to commit financial resources for PWDs to enjoy their rights is critical. This is particularly so at national level where government should budget for disabilities. In addition to financial commitment, these government ministries and departments should play a central role is coordinating stakeholders efforts to ensure sustainability.  1. NASCOH through this programme engaged the Ministry of Finance which introduced the disability loan scheme which now funds small enterprises of up to $1000 per beneficiary.  Persons with disabilities now benefit, although small from public assistance grants, government inputs schemes, community ownership schemes, as a result of the lobbying done through this programme. NASCOH will continue to engage government departments.
2. Programmes of this nature should be linked to addressing the basic needs of PWDs since failure to do so compromises their relevance to PWDs and inhibits their intended impact, as PWDs would continue to face barriers that hinder their active participation in governance. It emerged that the PWDs who actively sought offices or were appointed into offices are those who are educated and financially independent. PWDs also appreciated more the programme components that leveraged resources to address poverty and meeting their basic needs. 2. While the programme was purely a governance programme it had components of growth mainly provision of assistive devices & technology to PWDs, making PWDs aware of the rights and demanding access to available services and linking PWDs other service providers.
4. Programmes for PWDs should be long term for them to lift the PWDs to the stage where they can not only vote but also actively seek office. To this end, the approach of starting in seven districts and then move to the last seven districts should have been avoided for it compromised on impact that could be achieved during such short periods. 4. This was a starting point and PWDs in the programme areas appreciated the programme. We can now build on the strong foundation laid by this programme. Spending £3 million pounds in 14 districts over five years was more cost effective, than covering only 7 districts. The programme was able to reach more PWDs than if it had stayed in 7 districts.
5. The programme has also revealed the potential in PWDs. When barriers that disable them such as attitude, poverty and ignorance are removed, PWDs are able to participate in all spheres including in governance processes. They can operate successful livelihoods projects and earn a living for themselves if they are given the necessary support, skills training and seed money. 5. These were some of the growth benefits which NASCOH can now use to attract more funding in areas of disability & poverty alleviation
6. Participatory programming including in evaluation is critical. In some cases, communities were able to tell their stories of success which some programme officers were not able to articulate 6. This were the results of community exchange programmes and peer monitoring activities which empowerment the beneficiaries to be the masters of their destiny.
Final Evaluation Recommendations
1. NASCOH should urgently mobilise resources to support the Ward Disability Committees (WDC) until they are effectively mainstreamed within other community structures 1. WDC in the first 7 districts were weaned off since they were now part of the community strictures. Those in the last 7 district have continued to receive support until the time of the final evaluation and are now mainstreamed to the community structures
2. NASCOH and its sub grantees should advocate for budget allocation by government at national level and local level to ensure that PWDs start to enjoy their rights enshrined in the new Constitution and in the resolutions some councils have passed. 2. See Comment above on 1 under evaluation conclusion. NASCOH will continue to engage both local & central government on equitable service provision to PWDs as part of its mandate.
3. NASCOH and its sub grantees together with partners like ZEC should in future ensure that activities such as voter education are further decentralised to village level to address mobility challenges faced by PWDs. 3. This is the ideal approach. NASCOH will pursue this when resources permit
4.NASCOH and its sub grantees should put in place a Conflict of Interest Policy since four of the sub grantees were also Board Members of NASCOH making it difficult to distinguish on who has oversight over the other in relation to the programme. 4. This will be table in the next Board meeting in March 2014.
5. NASCOH should make a distinction between its responsibilities as grant holder and implementing partner and those of the sub grantees. 5. NASCOH has now developed a Membership Charter & Code of Conduct of its members.
6.There is need for NASCOH and its sub grantees to institute staff retention mechanisms in order to safeguard the gains already made 6. More resources are required to implement such schemes.
7. NASCOH and its sub grantees should strengthen their resource mobilisation to avoid reliance on a single donor, as was the case with most sub grantees. 7. Resource mobilisation committees and plans are in place. This is the major activity at the moment. 
8 NASCOH and its sub grantees should have documented risk plans in place. 8. This again will be tabled in the Board meeting of March 2014 for auctioning.
9. NASCOH and its sub grantees should develop a file retrieval system to ensure the security of documents since anyone can access a document and fail to return it leading to incomplete files. 9. The finance & administration department has already implemented this.



4.2. Programme Management 


There has not been any significant change, in programme management during the implementation of the programme. However, the programme log frame was adjusted by adding a capability output which states that Government departments & NGOs provide PWDs with material and support services


4.3. Programme Results and Impact

The first part of the section provides a comprehensive assessment of the programme’s impact, drawing principally from the most significant results cases. The second part lists some of the programme ‘s impact.


Most Significant Results


  1. Result statement

In Zimbabwe, 2,200 out of 10,000 polling stations have been assessed by NASCOH and the  Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) District Election Officers for accessibility to persons with disabilities, of which 1 760 have been modified (rails, ramps and large windows) to accommodate wheelchair and other mobility device users. 

Context and Theory of Change

Key elements of context

  • 99% of the 10 000 polling stations in Zimbabwe are classrooms, the majority of them with steps, rendering them inaccessible to wheelchair users and other PWDs with mobility devices.
  • Hitherto, school authorities in Zimbabwe were not aware of the importance and the need to ensure that PWDs should have access to polling station classrooms, just like everyone else in society.
  • Hitherto, Zimbabwe Electoral Commission personnel, including and crucially, Provincial Elections Officers (PEOs), District Elections Officers (DEOs) were not aware of the need for ramps and other disability-friendly accommodations to allow PWD access to polling stations.
  • 10% of schools with polling stations had a mix of classrooms with steps and without steps but paradoxically, the officials chose to designate the classrooms with steps as polling stations, thus sidelining PWDs from accessing these polling stations.
  • DEOs of respective districts wield a lot of influence over school authorities as teachers of participating schools derive some livelihood from participating as election officers and presiding officers during times of elections. Participation also boosts the stature of their schools.
  • NASCOH’s DFID-funded GTF programme scored ground-breaking successes in availing identity documents, voter education, human rights education, and facilitating hundreds of PWDs in the decision making structures of local government but all these successes would be count to nothing if NASCOH could not ensure access to polling stations to PWDs in order to exercise their constitutional right to vote.
  • During the protracted voter education programme for 14 districts, PWDs decried the fact that although they had been equipped with voter education and observation skills, they still could not exercise their voting rights because polling stations remained inaccessible to them.


Theory of change

Our theory of change on assessment of polling stations to ensure accessibility by people with disabilities is based solidly on the CAR framework – capability, accountability and responsiveness. Having put to good use the CAR framework in the availing of identity documents, voter education, human rights education, observer training for 400 PWDs, and integration of people with disabilities into the governance systems of the country, the same principle would save us well in ensuring accessibility to polling stations by PWDs.

NASCOH realised from the outset that ZEC was an indispensable cog in the polling station assessment machinery. To this end, NASCOH held a number of disability sensitisation workshops with the ZEC Commissioners, the Provincial Elections Officers and the District Elections Officers. A total of 5 ZEC commissioners, 6 key members of the ZEC secretariat, 10 ZEC PEOs and 38 DEOs were reached through disability sensitisation workshops.  ZEC was sensitised that ensuring accessibility of polling stations to PWDs was a community responsibility, a societal responsibility and the onus was on the schools to ensure accessibility not only to the polling stations but to ensure a child-friendly and disability friendly environment since everyone was potentially disabled. ZEC PEOs who assisted NASCOH officers in carrying out the assessment process in the various districts, would complement NASCOH’s efforts well in ensuring compliance by school authorities in implementing individual polling station recommendations which included construction of ramps, modifications to toilets to make them disability friendly, levelling and clearing of pathways, and improving the lighting of polling stations to take into account the needs of people with low vision.  The need to ensure accessibility to PWDs and their consequent participation in voting processes became a rallying point for ZEC and this passion for disability inclusion and responsiveness filtered down to the school authorities, resulting in a high uptake in the construction of ramps and disability friendly accommodations.

All the 26 ZEC officers who took part in the assessment exercises were paced through a NASCOH-ZEC assessment tool to ensure uniformity and consistency in polling station assessment. The assessment tool was initially tested by a team comprising 5 ZEC officers and  5 NASCOH officers in Harare and Chitungwiza, and modified following  recommendations which included the need to have a disability-friendly toilet in or near the polling station and to capture the contact details of school officials.  We believed that by having an appropriate polling station assessment tool which responded to the needs of PWDs and the dynamics of the Zimbabwean scenario, our assessment would be in turn responsive and accountable, and allow for honing of capacities to effectively implement the programme.

We anticipated some resistance from school authorities in the implementing of recommendations, especially as the construction of ramps and other modifications meant that a budget had to be attached to these activities by the school.  We assumed however, that the resistance would be overcome by appropriate advocacy so that the authorities understand the basics of the social mode of disability and that the onus was on the school to remove the barriers that it had put in place and that continued to disable PWDs by denying them access to the polling stations. Authorities were to note that everyone was potentially disabled and should this happen to any member of staff, this person would face veritable problems in accessing the school’s structures and service. It was therefore prudent to provide services that were child friendly and disability friendly.

We assumed that the use of the school’s teachers as electoral officers and referendum officers and the accompanying payment for services rendered by ZEC, would also provide added momentum to comply with assessment recommendations, which in most cases involved the construction of ramps and other modifications.

We also believed that if the media gives coverage to the disability accessible improvements these schools and communities achieve, this would encourage PWDs to use the modified disability accommodations and this would translate into increased voting for PWDs.

We also believed that the complementarity achieved through the assessment visits involving both ZEC and NASCOH, and consequent complementary advocacy, would influence the school authorities to see reason and urgency in implementing disability modifications. Where resources permitted, this complementarity was enhanced through the addition of a person with disability to the team to reinforce the message.

Concurrent engagement of government to provide policies encourage the principle of universal design in the construction of new buildings would also contribute to the theory of change.

 3. Approaches, methods and tools

  • Sensitisation of ZEC to understand the multifaceted problems and barriers to electoral participation of people with disabilities and the need for disability friendly accommodations to ensure disability access and participation.
  • Development of a NASCOH-and ZEC approved polling station assessment tool, in line with international standards but conforming to local requirements and situation.
  • Pilot testing and adjustment and modification of the assessment tool to make the assessment responsive and accountable to the prevailing disability scenario and improve the capability of the ZEC and NASCOH officers administering the tool.
  • Production of a training manual to ensure compliance to the CAR framework in the implementation exercise.
  • Training of NASCOH and ZEC officers in the use of the polling station assessment tool.
  • Sensitisation of school and establishment authorities during the assessment process to ensure understanding of the social model of disability and rights-based approach to disability and compliance with adjustments and modification recommendations.
  • Assessment of the individual polling station in line with the polling station assessment tool and the making of appropriate recommendations.

4. The experience of implementation

The impressive uptake in the construction of ramps and other disability friendly modifications registered so far have largely been due to

  • Better understanding among school authorities of the accessibility needs of people with disabilities and the need to ensure access to their polling stations and premises.
  • Better understanding within ZEC of the accessibility needs of people with disabilities and the need to ensure access to polling stations and the electoral process.
  • Child friendly initiatives sweeping through the educational establishment favour the adoption of disability friendly accommodations to ensure accessibility by all.
  • Increased understanding among ZEC and school and institutional authorities of the centrality of the social model of disability, which is based on the view that people with impairment become disabled as a result of society’s incapability to address their needs and treat them as equals. The problem of disability is therefore not with the individual, but with society.


The majority of school heads confessed that they had never considered the issue of accessibility of their premises to people with disabilities as an issue of real concern and worth addressing. This accounts for these authorities designating classrooms that were inaccessible to people with disabilities as polling stations while there were classrooms that were free of steps within the school that were accessible to people with disabilities and that would allow their participation in the country’s electoral processes.

It is clear that the attitudes of the society towards people with disabilities are being impacted positively and people are becoming alive to the need to address the needs of PWDs and to treat them as equals and promote their participation in society’s multifaceted activities. It is our hope that the assessment of polling stations would cascade to the entire nation, so that all the 10 000 polling stations in the country are assessed and made accessible to all PWDs in the country. There is a corresponding need, however for a comprehensive nationwide awareness raising campaign, using multiple and complementary channels of communication, so that PWDs are made aware of the newly-found accessibility of polling stations so that they can exercise their constitutional right to vote.

Numbers of polling stations assessed included 258 in the four districts of Masvingo province, Chivi, Zaka, Bikita and Masvingo), 692 in Harare out of a total of 829, all 241 polling stations in Bulawayo, all 76 polling stations in Umguza District, 89 in Gweru urban, 45 in Kwekwe,  46 in Karoi including Chirundu and Magunje,  66 in Mutare Urban, and 158 in Makoni District, 87 in Kadoma, 47 in Chegutu West, 87 in Mutoko, 77 in Mberengwa, 65 in Mudzi, 57 in Bindura and 45 in Norton town. A further 138 polling stations were assessed in Umzingwane , Bubi and Gwanda.

5. Long-term Impact on people’s lives

  • Number of assessed schools potentially to benefit from better accessibility: 2,200
  • Number of polling stations that have constructed disability friendly ramps and accommodations:  1280 out of the 1600 sampled.
  • Number of people with disabilities who could eventually benefit from increased access to the country’s 10 000 polling stations – 800 ,000. (voting population of people with disabilities in Zimbabwe).


Following the rendering of polling stations accessible to PWDs, the key factor will be an exponential increase in the number of PWDs voting in elections and standing up as candidates and observing the elections.


Case 2 

  1. Result statement

In Zimbabwe, 50,000 people with disabilities have undergone the  Voter Education exercise in the 14 operational districts and of those, 400 have been trained as election observers and 15 of these observed the March 2013 and 304 observed the 31 July 2013 general elections.

 2.Context and Theory of Change

Key elements of context

  • Hitherto, voter education in Zimbabwe could not cater for the peculiar constraints of the visually impaired, who could not understand the examples and the demonstrations being offered, and the hearing impaired, with whom voter educators could not communicate.
  • As a result of the lack of incorporation into voter education programmes, compounded by negative attitudes from society, people with disabilities consequently refrained from participation in the electoral processes of the country.
  • A baseline survey conducted by NASCOH in 2009 in Zimbabwe revealed that only 0.01% of voters in the 2008 elections were PWDs. While, going by voters with disabilities who voted in the 31 July 2013 elections, at least 3.6% of the voters should be PWDs.
  • Lack of exposure to voter education and identity documents, in addition to   apathy included fear of violence, inaccessibility of polling stations, inappropriate voting infrastructure, lack of voting secrecy for the visually impaired, lack of voting information, insensitivity of election officials and restrictive electoral laws were the reasons cited by PWDs for shunning the voting process.
  • Before 2008, when NASCOH fielded 77 ZESN-trained PWD observers in the June 2008 elections, it was virtually unknown for PWDs to be observers in elections.  Statements by most of the 400 PWDs trained by NASCOH with ZEC facilitation in the GTF programme revealed that they never thought PWDs would be election observers.
  • Lack of exposure to voter education, compounded by other restrictive factors, not only prevented PWDs from voting to choose their freely elected representatives, but also kept them from standing as candidates in elections.

Theory of change

As is the norm in our electoral intervention, our theory of change again revolved solidly around the CAR framework. First, NASCOH realised that decades of entrenched isolation of PWDs from the political processes of the country, in particular the voting process, had eroded the confidence and will to participate in electoral processes for PWDs.  It was therefore necessary to build the capacities of PWDs in the identified districts to take part in the voting processes, hold elected officials accountable, and render them  responsive to the broad electorate, including and especially, PWDs. This could be achieved through conducting intensive voter education in disability friendly formats that are responsive to the needs of people with disabilities.


Cognisant that voter education in Zimbabwe is the preserve of ZEC, the intervention engaged ZEC district elections officers to conduct voter education in 14 districts.  The use of ZEC bolstered the confidence and will of PWDs to participate in the electoral processes.  ZEC officers taking part in the voter education exercise received disability sensitisation and were exposed to the multiple electoral barriers that prevented PWDs from taking part in the voting process.  The ZEC officers became veritable advocates of disability – they were now capacitated and responsive to the needs of PWDs, with a concomitant sense of accountability and responsibility for their inclusion.

In tandem, efforts were made to make sure that the policy makers became responsive and accountable to the voting needs of people with disabilities.  NASCOH became a strategic partner of ZEC and advocacy efforts resulted in repealing of section 60 of the Electoral Act which provided for people with visual impairments to be assisted to vote by the presiding officer, electoral officers and the police. They will now be assisted to vote by their trusted assistants. ZEC has been involved in the production of disability friendly voting material and in the process produced 10 00 voter education manuals in Braille.

NASCOH’s 7 partners in the consortium have also had training geared to improve their organisational capacities in areas of Strategic Management, Programme Management, Financial Management, Human Resources Management, Leadership and Facilitation and Resource Mobilisation in addition to disability management in an effort to boost their capacity, accountability, and responsiveness to disability issues in implementing the electoral intervention.

Another theory of change has involved reaching out to civic sector organisations involved in availing civic education and promoting political participation to communities and engaging them to mainstream disability in their activities and programmes. A successful disability mainstreaming workshop involving 9 organisations which pledged their support for disability has already been held in this respect.

3. Approaches, methods and tools

  • Sensitisation of ZEC to understand the multifaceted problems and barriers to electoral participation of people with disabilities and the need for availing of voter education information in disability friendly formats.
  • Building the organisational capacities of the 7 members in the organisation in order for them to implement the electoral intervention for PWDs consistent with the CAR framework.
  • Combining voter education with human rights and civic education to provide a holistic framework for participation of PWDs in electoral processes.
  • Disability mainstreaming training for civic sector organisations involved in civic education and promotion of political participation to mainstream PWDs in their programmes and activities.
  • Mobilisation of PWDs in the various districts and provinces by NASCOH consortium members so that they can participate in the electoral intervention programme.
  • Lobbying the policy makers to ensure disability friendly electoral legislation and favourable disability accommodations.
  • Provision of voter education information to PWDs in disability-friendly formats

4. The experience of implementation

The enthusiasm and participation of PWDs in voter education and observer training has largely been due to

  • The provision of voter education to PWDs by the country’s sole elections management body, ZEC, instilled confidence in the process and generated a groundswell of momentum for disability inclusion and participation.
  • Inclusion of PWDs in the programmes and activities of civil society organisations working in the area of civic education and promotion of political participation added to the impact of the intervention.
  • Training of 400 PWDs as election observers by ZEC was also a euphoric experience for PWDs whose sidelining from such decision making processes is legendary.


Sensitisation of ZEC on disability issues took place under the sensational glare of the media and the magic multiplier effect of the media has helped to amplify issues of disability inclusion regarding electoral processes.

Sub grantees working with PWDs in various districts recorded instances of people with disabilities travelling distances of over 15km with scotch carts to participate in voter education. Such was the euphoria generated by participation in this activity which they had not been hitherto exposed to. The same obtains for training of the 400 observers with disabilities, with some of the PWDs frankly admitting that they never imagined that someone with a disability would ever observe an election.


For the record, Disabled Women Support Organization  5 916 Jairos Jiri Association reached 1 324 PWDs through voter education, Zimbabwe Association for the Visually Handicapped 17 068, Zimbabwe National Association of the Deaf 5 445, Zimbabwe Association for Mental Health 4 355, Zimbabwe Parents of Handicapped Children Association 12 332 and Zimbabwe National League of the Blind 3 560.  This makes a total of 50 000.

5. Long-term Impact on people’s lives

  • Number of PWDs involved directly in assessing voter education: 50 000
  • Number of PWDs empowered to vote in the country’s elections: 50 000
  • Number of PWDs trained as election observers:  400.
  • Number of PWDs who could eventually benefit from voter education countrywide: 800, 000. (voting population of people with disabilities in Zimbabwe).


Through the magic multiplier effect of the media, a capacitated and enlightened ZEC which has indicated its intention to include PWDs in voter education countrywide, the disability fraternity grapevine, mainstreaming efforts of civic sector organisations involved in electoral interventions, we believe that there is a strong chance that 10% of the voters in the programme areas in the next elections will be PWDs


Case 3

  1. Result statement

In Zimbabwe people with disabilities have been appointed to numerous positions of authority at various levels in communities. To date 26 PWDs have been  nominated as councillors, 12 PWDs in parastatal boards and two senatorial seats have been reserved for PWDs in the House of senate and more appointments are likely to increase after the national elections.

2.Context and Theory of Change

Key elements of context

  • PWDs discriminated on the basis of disability with regard to all matters concerning all forms of employment and appointments to positions of authority
  • PWDs deprived, on the basis of disability, to obtain, possess and utilize documentation of their nationality such as birth certificates and national identity documents hence could not vote, or be voted for or nominated for any position of authority
  • PWDs denied the chance to stand for elections, to effectively hold office and perform all public functions at all levels of government
  • No freedom of  expression of the will of persons with disabilities as electors and candidates

Theory of change

Our theory of change is to enable persons with disabilities to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life, including political and public life and that PWDs people with disabilities can join a political party of their choice and contest as a council or parliamentary or senatorial or presidential candidate, on an equal basis with others. All political parties include disability in their constitutions and manifestoes.


4. The experience of implementation

The programme has made a major impact on the lives PWDs through   boosting self-confidence of PWDs that participated in the programme. The result is that several PWDs (15) contested for council elections, which they would not have thought possible before. From contestants with disabilities two won and are now councillors and one of them was elected to be council chairperson for Mtoko rural council.

The setting up of Disability Ward Committees in all programme areas and the incorporation of a representative of PWDs from the Disability Committees into the Ward Development Committees ensures that the views of PWDs are heard at ward development meetings and is an effective way of mainstreaming disability into development. The Ward Disability Committees which have received training on lobbying, advocacy and disability rights from sub grantees have started lobbying local leaders such as councilors, chiefs and schools development committees for inclusion of PWDs in all spheres of the community.

The provision of assistive devices, including wheelchairs, white canes and hearing aids, had a huge impact on the lives of beneficiaries who are now more mobile or better able to hear. Increased mobility for PWDs has also boosted their self-confidence, which in turn has increased their participation in the community affairs and governance structures as well as livelihood projects. As a result of the cordial relations that NASCOH has managed to cultivate with the media through the GTF programme, most of these events received extensive coverage in the local press.

5. Long-term Impact on people’s lives

  • Number of PWDs appointed to national Boards: 12
  • Number of PWDs nominated as senators: 2
  • Number of PWDs nominated as councillors 26
  • Number of PWDs appointed to position of authority per ward 3.


The key factor in that achieving the wider impact will be the reintroduction of proportional representation (10% of seats reserved for PWDs in parliament, councils, and senate). We believe that there is an 80% chance of that happening


4.4 Sustainability and Value for Money

Sustainability of Services

The sustainability of the programme also lies in the continuation of voter education programmes for PWDs, by ZEC, issuing of identity documents and registration of voters with disabilities by the registrar general’s office at district or sub district level, after the end of UKAid funding. The ZEC strategic plan identifies PWDs as key stakeholders and NASCOH as a strategic partner in ensuring inclusion and accessibility. Disability also appears in the five year strategic budget and ZEC is currently working with NASCOH to develop voter education material.  To this end, ZEC has developed a specific funding proposal to target PWDs and other vulnerable groups.


NASCOH has continued to collaborate and network with other organisations such as the Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN), Zimbabwe Local Government Association (ZILGA) through meetings and information sharing workshops. NASCOH is a key partner in ZESN’s country strategy on elections. ZILGA has also embraced disability as key talking point to all local authorities.


Sustainability of Impact

More sustainable changes are expected with the changes in legislation and laws brought about as a result of the programme. The adequate capturing of disability in the country’s constitution, amendment of the Electoral Act and many other Acts, combined with the abilities of disability committees to demand equitable services will make the government and CSOs accountable and responsive to the needs of PWDs. Furthermore, the acceptance of the principle of special interest councillors for PWDs by councils combined with the amendment of the Urban Councils’ Act is likely to result with special interest concillors throughout the life span of the councils. Also significant is the legislation making it compulsory for new buildings being approved by councils to have wheelchair access. The involvement of community leaders, MPs, councilors, political parties and business people in the programme has enhanced its sustainability. Politicians want numbers and PWDs provide a niche for candidates who want to win elections.


The changes to operational procedures including alterations to polling booths and polling stations to allow easier access by PWDs, increase in the number of polling stations to accommodate PWDs, preparing ballot papers in Braille as well as adoption of a disability policy and amendment of some Acts of Parliament will increase the sustainability of the programme.


Value for Money Based on the Three Cases of Most Significant Results


Value for Money for Appointment of PWDs to positions of Authority

The total budget for activities inclusive of administrative costs was £180 000 of which 30% (£54 000) was for administrative costs. The budget was split as follows; national lobbying £31 000 local lobbying in 14 districts £149 000. At national 12 PWDs were appointed to national Boards and 2 senators were elected. If £31 000 was spent to appoint 14 people therefore the cost of appointing was person is £2 214.28. While this looks to have little value for money before factoring in the numbers of PWDs who will benefit from the representations by the 2 senators (1.8million PWDs in Zimbabwe. Costs per beneficiary will fall significantly if in due course the programme has an impact in increasing levels of resources for key services more widely from the government. With regards to the cost per beneficiary at local level 1265 appointed to positions of authority and 26 councillors at a cost of £149 000, is £115.4.



4.5 Innovation 

The intervention’s major strength is in creating a veritable web of support for disability inclusion in the country’s voting processes and in the country’s governance systems.  All inter sectoral allies came together to create this interlocking web of support.  ZEC played a pivotal role in the provision of voter education to people with disabilities in disability friendly formats, enacted disability-friendly legislation to allow the visually impaired to vote independently and is producing voter education material in Braille. ZESN gave added impetus to ZEC’s efforts by training additional people with disabilities as observers and deploying them within its observation structures.  Through NASCOH’s strategic advocacy, the government appointed 12 people with disabilities to positions of authority while traditional leaders weighed in by appointing people with disabilities as chiefs, headmen and various community development posts including ward disability communities. Sustainability is thus ensured. This is an indeed innovative approach as it capitalised on all the strategic stakeholders to ensure a holistic and integrated approach to disability inclusion in elections and governance.


Your experience: This is a new experience in Zimbabwe and on the
African continent.  Ghana has previously trained observers with disabilities but this is a multifaceted and holistic electoral intervention.


Conditions of operation: The repealing of Section 60 of the Zimbabwe Electoral Act which previously allowed for people with visual impairments to be assisted to vote by the presiding officer, two elections officers and a police officer. In a milestone achievement, people with visual impairments can now vote assisted by their trusted assistants only and this is a milestone achievement for people with disabilities.


Technology: ZEC is in the process of printing 10 000 voter education pamphlets for people with disabilities and is also working on adjustable voting booths for people with physical disabilities and this manifestly contributes to effective, accountable and inclusive governance.


5. Recommendations 


  1. Funding Agencies such DFID should consider linking Governance programme targeting the poor to poverty alleviation programmes.
  2. Funding Agencies should make it mandatory that all programmes they fund has a disability component. People with disabilities constitute 15% of the global population but constitute up to 20% of the world’s poorest and any poverty alleviation programme should include people with disabilities.
  3. People with disabilities say that they have derived immense benefit from the election inclusion programme way beyond the scope of the programme and feel that the programme should be cascaded to all provinces of the country (see documentary on YouTube:  (funding agencies)
  4. The swift response by school authorities and other establishments in constructing ramps to ensure access to polling stations by people with disabilities is encouraging and is testimony to their willingness to ensure disability inclusion. Now that a quarter of the county’s polling stations have been assessed, there is a dire need, however, for all the country’s  9400 polling stations to be assessed and appropriate recommendations made so that all polling stations are rendered accessible to people with disabilities. (NASCOH, ZEC & Funding agencies).
  5. Although empowerment to vote and be voted for was the major focus of the programme, the human rights training availed to people with disabilities in the participating districts, awakened their entrepreneurial instincts and strengthened their resolve to take effective charge of their lives and uplift their well being in society. NASCOH should ensure that human rights training should be an integral part of any future such interventions.
  6. Linked to recommendation number five is the need to compliment the governance programme in the 14 districts with a poverty alleviation programme.


Annex 1 – Final Achievement Rating Scale


1 = fully achieved, very few or no shortcomings

2 = largely achieved, despite a few short-comings

3 = only partially achieved, benefits and shortcomings finely balanced

4 = very limited achievement, extensive shortcomings

5 = not achieved



Objective Statement Achievement Rating for whole programme period Logframe Indicators Baseline and Target for Indicators Actual achievements demonstrated by the end of the programme Comments on final results, including unintended impacts

  1. Strengthened PWDs and their support organisations capable of representing their social and political interests and holding Government to account for its actions at all governance levels.


  1. All 7 NASCOH sub-grantees are able to provide services to PWDs in key aspects of good governance by the end of 5 years.
  2. Increase in the number of pro-PWDs policies and programmes as a result of civil society advocacy through this Programme.
  3. Self Representation by PWDs at all levels


Few PWDs participate in elections, have access to support services and organisations have no capacity to provide meaningful services; This is worsened by the  lack of disability sensitive constitution 2.1 All 7 sub-grantees are able to provide services as of March 2012 

2.2 Five  pro-PWDs policies were implemented as a result of the programme


2.3  1225 PWDs elected or appointed to represent disability at all levels

Two senators with disabilities were elected and two members of parliament were nominated by political parties.


Tangible and meaningful progress has been made in lobbying for pro- disability legislation, building capacity of sub grantees, appointment of PWDs in positions of authority at national level as members of organisational Boards and as councillors and members of development committees at local level.


Disability was captured in the country’s new constitution and ZEC made a deliberate effort to make voter education and polling stations accessible to PWDs, more PWDs received identity documents registered as voters. The electoral Act was amended to be disability inclusive.NASCOH & its members lobbied government for PWDs to get better services from government.

A draft National disability policy produced by NASCOH & accepted by the President’s office was sent to all stakeholders, by the deputy chief secretary to the president & cabinet, for their inputs before a national consultative workshop is called.  On average, 88 people with disabilities were appointed to positions in each programme district.

All local authorities in the programme areas nominated special councillor with a disability in each district and 12 Urban authorities had also nominated a special councillor with disabilities. A set back with these nomination is that the new constitution is silent on nomination of special interest councillors so NASCOH has to lobby government again, so an overall score of 2 is given.


Outputs1.Strengthened PWDs and their support organisations capable of representing their social and political interests and holding Government to account for its actions at all  governance levels.


2 1.1 Increase from 2 to seven sub-grantees by end of 2010 and 10 other NGOs which can provide training in: the Voting Process, Advocacy, human rights, Leadership and governance to PWDs by 2013. 






1.2 From the (7) seven sub-grantees in this programme only (2) have good financial systems and the capacity to provide training in: the Voting Process, Advocacy, human rights, Leadership and governance to PWDs1.2.1 Mainstream NGOs have no capacity to mainstream disability and provide rehabilitative and livelihood services to PWDs


  1. All the 7 sub grantees can provide training in Voting Process, Advocacy, human rights, Leadership and governance to PWDs / have financial systems which are audited by reputable auditors at the end of each financial year

1.2. 15 NGOs have capacity to mainstream disability as a result of the programme.


There are great improvements in the capacity of the sub grantees. This is demonstrated by their ability to; 1) to attract funding, for example ZAVH & ZPHCA each received U$250 000 and JJA got $500 000; 2) Independent audits have confirmed the improved capacity of the organisations.

As a result of capacity building by the programme NASCOH was able to attract  more funding from three other funding agencies and was able to increase its member’s participation in capacity building activities from 7 to 15.NASCOH & its member organisations lobbied with success the Ministry of finance to allocate specific disability funding in the National budget.

NASCOH & its members got permission to train all USAID funded partners to mainstream disability in all their activities.

Sub grantees provided voter education to PWDs inconjuction with ZEC.


However, while there is marked improvements most (10) of the 15 Organisation continue to struggle financially hence a score of  2

2. Contribute tochanges  required to the National Constitution, legislation and built environment to allow the participation of PWDs in elections










  1. Constitution & Electoral Act by end of 2011 which allow full and effective  participation of PWDs
    1. Accessible electoral built environment (polling Stations, Voter registration Centres, Voter Education Centres and furniture) in the districts of programme operation by end of 2012. Voting related material in adaptive formats distributed to visually impaired and Hearing impaired persons. (Braille, Large Print, and Sign language)

2.1 Zimbabwe constitution does not recognise certain disabilities and the 2.1.Electoral Act makes it difficult for PWDs to vote. Built environment makes it difficult for PWDs to vote  As a result of this programme;2.1 The new Zimbabwe Constitution recognizes disability rights; The Electoral Act was amended to be disability friendly and now allows PWDs to vote in secrecy; A draft National Disability policy is now in circulation with stakeholders.

Zimbabwe ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of PWDs


2.1.1 80% (1680) of the polling stations  (2100) in the programme area were accessible  and ZEC for the first time used adjustable furniture which could easily be adjusted to suite wheelchair users. ZEC developed voter education material, with assistance of NASCOH, which targeted those with visually impairment;


115 Braille and 200 large print pamphlets and 500 sign language dictionaries were  distributed to hearing and visually impaired persons in the programme areas

The lobbying by NASCOH and its members brought changes to electoral Act, for the new constitution to capture disability. Besides the input the constitution, five Acts of parliament were audited for inclusiveness and presented to the parliamentary portfolio committees. These included the Electoral Act, Labour Act, Education Act, Urban Councils’ Act and the Indigenisation and Empowerment Act. Amendment to this pieces of legislation is not yet done and ZEC still need to develop a Braille ballot paper so a score of 2 is the fairest 


3. Increased PWDs who participate as election observers in the country’s local and national elections 1
  1. Increase from 77 to 400 by end of 2011 with proportional representation of major disabilities and 50% being women with disabilities
3.1 77 Participated in 2008 3.1 Election observers with disabilities have been trained to make them 400  and 326 observers were deployed  to observe the 31 July 2013 elections. Out of the 326 observers deployed 46% were women. The observers represented all disabilities as shown in Table 1.
4.Increased PWDs who cast their votes in the country’s local and national elections 1 4.1 Increase from 0.01% to at least 2%  of the total constituency voters representing all  disabilities with 50% being women with disabilities 4.20,01% of voters in 2008 were PWDs 4.1 The number of PWDs who voted in the 31 July 2013 elections was 3.6% of voters and 49% of them were women with Over 50 000 people with disabilities received voter education; programme area had higher turn over of PWDs than in no programme area. Districts with the programme had the highest voter turn out during the referendum and harmonized elections
5. Increased PWDs who stand as candidates and elected and appointed as Members of Parliament, senators and councillors in the country’s local and national elections 3 5.1 Increase from 2 to at least 20 candidates with equal representation of major disabilities and 50% being women with disabilities.5.1.1 Increase from 0 to at least 10 Councillors, 5 MPs 2 senators, with equal representation of major disabilities and 50% being women with disabilities by end of 2012 5.1 Only 2 candidates with disabilities participated as candidates5.1.1 No known MP, Senator and Councillor with disability after 2008 general elections







5.1 From 165 PWDs  aspiring candidates 15 candidates with disabilities contested  for council seat  and 26 candidates contested for senatorial seats. 


5.2 7 26 Councillors with disabilities (9 being women)  were appointed since the inception of the programme

Lobbying  for the appointment  of councillors with disabilities, engagement of political parties and training of potentional candidates with disabilities resulted in the election of  two senator,  (one male one female, 2 councillors (both males), and  24 special interest councillors. The new constitution is silent on the appointment of special interest councillors hence NASCOH still needs to engage the government on this. Overall the targeted numbers were not met hence a score of 3.
6. Increased PWDs appointed to positions of authority (at least head of department) in the country’s public and private sector and in community structures 1
  1. Increased from 0 to 10 with equal representation of major disabilities and 50% being women with disabilities By 2012 and increased to 20 by 2013.

6.1.1 At least 2 PWDs are appointed in positions of authority in each ward in the programme area.


6.1. No PWDs held a position of authority as in 20086.2. No PWDs sat in Village and Ward development committees or appointed as village heads in rural areas. 6.1 12 PWDs have been appointed in national Boards and only 2 are women6.2 1225 PWDs appointed to positions in wards giving an average of 3 PWDs appointed in position of authority per ward The appointment of PWDs into positions of authority at ward level has surpassed the output target. In  each of the wards where the programme was introduced at least three PWDs were appointed to positions.
7. Government departments, Councils & CSOs provide PWDs with material and support services  2 7.1 Increase from 1% to 10% of PWDs benefitting from requiring appliances.7.2 Increase from 2% to 50% benefitting from social protection programmes run by the Central Government Department of Social Services.

7.3 Council budgets for PWDs’ needs in programme areas increase from 0% to at least 1% of total council budget by end of 2013.


7.2. Only 1% of PWDs benefitted from appliances7.2.1  2% PWDs benefitted from Social protection schemes run by the Central Government Department of Social Services

7.2.2 No Council had a budget for PWDs needs

7.1 Increase to 30% of PWDs benefitting from appliances 

7.2 Increase to 30% of PWDs benefitting from social protection


7.3 Three of the seven Councils now have disability budgets



There has been an increase from 1% to 30% of PWDs benefitting from appliancesThe department of Social services introduced a disability revolving loan fund to benefit PWDs and disability allowance (public assistance). This has resulted in an increase from 2% to 30% of PWDs benefitting from social protection.

Three of the 14 Councils now have disability budgets.

Activities Output 1

Training of trainers,

Membership development

Staff development

Comparative visits

Provision of Institutional support (Purchase of equipment & vehicles)

Commemoration of the International day of the Disabled Research among people with disabilities

All activities were carried out as planned; 46 trainers were trained; 15 Members organisations received training in governance, strategic planning, leadership etc, 





More training in resource mobilisation and human resources management is required for member organisations 











Output 2Meetings & workshops with Parliament & civil society

Consultative workshops and meetings on the constitution and contributing the National constitution

Audit of the Electoral Act, labour Act, Education Act

Lobby for further amendments of Disabled Persons Act

Stakeholders workshop on disability policy

5 Acts of parliament have been audited to date and brought to the attention of relevant authorities More lobbying with parliamentary committees is required until all audited Acts are amended.
Output 3Training of 400 observers with disabilities (representing all disabilities

Deployment of 326 observers during elections

Participation of PWDs as election observers

Output 4

The numbers stated in the log frame have been achieved 326 trained observers were deployed  during the 31 July elections
Voter education targeting PWDsWorkshops to acquaint election authorities.

Voter registration and Verification.

Disability sensitization workshops with political parties.

Media sensitization workshops.

Media supplements and adverts.

Production of quarterly newsletter.

Provision of assistive devices.

All activities were carried out including 260 weekly radio programmes on national FM including 2 documentaries on Millennium Development Goals and empowerment of people with disabilities in Zimbabwe and the end of programme  documentary – Enfranchising people with disabilities to exercise their constitutional rights. Both documentaries have been sent to DFID and posted on You Tube Over 50 000 people with disabilities received voter education; over 6 000 PWDs benefitted from assistive devices and over 2 000 PWDs benefitted from identity documents.
Output 5Training of PWDs

Disability sensitization workshops with political parties

Verification of registration of PWDs as candidates

Human Rights Training to PWDs

Media sensitization workshops

Media supplements and adverts

Meeting with President

Meeting & workshops with Parliament & civil society

Output 6

Meetings & Workshops with Councils

Lobby parliament for proportional representation of PWDs and in other decision-making bodies.

Lobby parliament for introduction of a quota system on employment for PWDs

Meetings and workshops with representative employment bodies and local councils.

All activities have were carried out 
















Sensitization of political parties contributed to the peaceful elections in Zimbabwe and nomination of councillors and MPs 
























Output 7Research & needs

assessment of PWDs

Lobbying councils, CSOs and government to include PWDs in their budgets and plans

Meeting & workshops with Parliament & Civil Society

Meetings and workshops with urban and rural councils.

Public expenditure tracking of funds allocated for social protection & disability programmes

Provide PWDs with material & support services


While most activities were carried out Public tracking of funds shall only be done once government department and local authorities allocated budgets to disabilities. More engagement and lobbying is required for government departments and councils to allocate budgets for disabilities.



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